Online Issues for Committee 8

The Issue of Animal Agriculture

Recognising that animal agriculture is a major factor in climate change, as livestock can release harmful greenhouse gases such as methane and carbon dioxide into the atmosphere which is responsible for global warming;
Acknowledging that land for livestock and livestock feed covers more than a third of the earth’s ice-free land and this will continue increasing with an ever-growing population. This has led to habitat loss, meaning biodiversity is reducing and scientists believe we may be entering the sixth mass extinction;
Further Recognising that many of the world’s fisheries are being exploited and scientists predict that as early as 2048 we could see fishless oceans. This has further implications for climate change, as the sea plays a crucial role in absorbing excess heat, however, an increasingly unhealthy ocean means that it will no longer be able to play this role;
Emphasising that many farm animals are raised in factory farms, which have animal welfare issues as well as concern for human health. Factory farms have been shown to be breeding grounds for new viruses, a scientific study which looked at 39 events which caused new strains of viruses, showed that all but two of these events originated in poultry farms:

Useful Links
https://www.cowspiracy.com/facts
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2019/01/commission-report-great-food-transformation-plant-diet-climate-change/
-David Attenborough: A life on our planet (Netflix) – This documentary speaks more generally on habitat and biodiversity loss but does speak about the role of animal agriculture.
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/apr/20/factory-farms-pandemic-risk-covid-animal-human-health

 

 

The Issue of Fast Fashion

Noting with regret that fashion is the second most polluting industry in the world. contributing millions of garments per week to landfill in the UK alone, in addition to billions of tons of carbon to the earth’s atmosphere;
Acknowledging the economic stature of the fashion industry and the mass employment it provides;
Deeply concerned by continued forced and child labour, the extreme lack of fair pay and the dire working conditions in the fashion industry;
Disappointed by some member states’ lack of regulation on carbon emissions and forced labour, particularly in the LEDCs;
Pleased with efforts made by small scale companies to produce ethical, sustainable and carbon-neutral fashion;
Fully aware that reform in the fashion industry is difficult without a change in the mindset of consumers;
Alarmed by the transportation aspect of garments, through which the fashion industry further contributes to carbon emissions;
Taking into account the difficulty in the current economic climate in producing clothing at a low cost while still remaining ethical and making a profit:

Useful Links
https://www.thegoodtrade.com/features/what-is-fastfashion#:~:text=Fast%20fashion%20is%20a%20design,inexpensive%20styles%20to%20the%20public.
https://www.investopedia.com/terms/f/fast-fashion.asp
https://www.ethicalconsumer.org/fashion-clothing/what-fast-fashion-why-it-problem

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